Here's a short summary of how to do homiletics, as taught in BSF.
Pray! Always start by asking God to guide your study, that you may learn from His word.
Read! Read the passage through. Some people do their BSF lesson first; others do homiletics first. It’s your choice.
Meditate! Think about & dwell upon what God is saying to you thru the passage. This isn’t a race. It’s a conversation between God and you.
Content list! Reduce your reading & meditation down to 12 to 15 summary sentences. Whether looking at one chapter of scripture or four (or more!), the principle is the same. OK, you might compose more than 15 content sentences; that's fine too!
Identify natural divisions! Look for 2 to 4 divisions from your content list. ID the start and ending scriptures. Sometimes they ‘jump out’ at you; other times you may have to ponder for a bit.
Compose division sentences! These summarize the major groupings of content & central ideas from each division.
Compose a subject sentence! Using ten words or less, summarize the content of the entire passage of scripture. This need not be entirely grammatically correct. Nor does it need to be creatively witty.
Identify an aim! Now think about your audience. You are taking aim at a 'target' teaching point. There may be multiple teaching points for your audience from the passage. Pick the one that speaks to what you’ve learned and what you want your audience to learn from.
Identify a principle (or two, or more) for each division! Look back on each division and write out a principle that you find relevant to the division. This is where you apply God's word to life.
Write a question for each division’s principle! What principle would you challenge others with from that division?Compose the question as an open ended question.
Note: BSF offers a wonderful seminar on doing Homiletics once or twice per year. Come join us in studying God’s word!